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Nieuport N.28C1

Posted By: Sandbagger

Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/01/20 02:06 PM

Hi all,
As I'm waiting for the display case for the Bristol M.1C model, I thought I'd star the next model.
This model will represent the Nieuport N.28C1, Serial No.6177, of the 95th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, operating from Saints aerodrome, France, during 1918.
This particular aircraft was flown by 1st Lt. Quentin Roosevelt, the son of the ex-President.
As very little of the cockpit will be seen, I'll just add control lines and bracing rigging, so essentially 'out-of-box - I think hahaha

Mike

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Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/01/20 02:36 PM

I am looking forward to that one Mike. Are you sure you will not make the 100s of cockpit parts not quite visible? wink
Posted By: MFair

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/01/20 04:48 PM

You sure don’t let any dust settle on your trail bud! Out of the box? rofl
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/06/20 06:10 PM

Hi all,
The fuselage for the Nieuport 28C1 is ready to be closed up.
I did say this was to be an out-of-the box build, which it is.
Well, apart from:
Peach basket resin seat from 'Aviatic'.
Floor frame and side frames cross bracing wires - 0.4 mm diameter Nickel-Silver tube (blackened) and 0.08 mm diameter mono-filament.
Rudder and elevator control wires - 0.4 mm diameter Nickel-Silver tube (blackened) and 0.08 mm diameter mono-filament.
0.3 mm and 0.4 mm diameter lead wire ('PlusModel' - oil pulse meter pipe and starter switch wire.
0.4 mm diameter Nickel-Silver tube - control rod from mixture control quadrant.
Two forward cockpit frames (under main fuel tank) and shoulder height slotted panels - from photo-etch 'PART' N28 set.
Tachometer decal - 'Airscale' WW1 instrument set.
Shoulder harness and lap straps - from 'Wingnut Wings' Sopwith Snipe photo-etch set.

The supplied instrument panel was modified to represent the actual panel.
Most kit versions are modelled on the panel in the NASM reconstructed aircraft, which had additional instruments fitted for test flights.
The aircraft had Tulip wood diagonal crossed strips, as opposed to the traditional Nieuport metal cladding.
This was replicated by scribing the internal surface of the fuselage halves.

Paints used were 'Tamiya' acrylics, 'Mr. Colour' enamels and 'Alclad' lacquers.
Finishes used were 'AK Interactive' engine oil wash, 'Flory Models' Grime clay wash and 'Alclad' Light Sheen lacquer.

Now to close it up inside the fuselage, never to be seen again,

Mike

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Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/06/20 07:20 PM

Excellent Mike looking at that seat made from strips of leather or whatever makes me feel ill when I think of those guys swirling around held just by those few strips.
Maybe you can have a removable piece so you could see the cockpit detail?
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/06/20 09:38 PM

Hi Mark,
Thanks but too late,

Mike

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Posted By: RAF_Louvert

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/06/20 09:47 PM

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All that marvelous detail never to be seen again, short of using a fiber optic camera. smile2

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/07/20 11:26 PM

Hi all,
A few updates done.
I've added some photo-etch detail to the fuselage - elevator exit openings, side access panel, top panel edges and the rivet ring on the engine cowl.
I've also drilled out the openings in the carburettor air intake and both ends of the fuel 'Baden' type venturi exhauster.
Also the basic engine, which I've replaced with a 'Wingnut Wings' Oberursel U.I engine, is finished apart from the ignition leads.
The German Oberursel engine was a copy of the Le Rhone 9N engine.
One difference was that the Le Rhone engine had twin spark plugs co-located on the side of each each cylinder.
The Oberursel had twin sparks plugs, but at 90 degrees to each other.
As neither the plugs or in fact the cylinder heads will be seen once the engine cowl is fitted, I've left the plugs as they are.

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/07/20 11:39 PM

Gee, what an idea! Fibre optics camera!! That's the ticket Lou!!
I say we all chip in and get one for Mike so he can demo all that marvelous interior work at the next model show he attends!! That's my two cents worth of creative thought for the day! I'm going back to bed, to rest my weary head!
Posted By: mandrews

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/08/20 06:02 PM

Originally Posted by Sandbagger

Now to close it up inside the fuselage, never to be seen again,


Kind of reminds me of some of my software development work. There are just some programs you take particular pride in because you KNOW it's right on the inside (even if nobody sees it).

BTW Mike, I think that's one of your best cockpits yet.
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/12/20 09:39 PM

Hi all,
Just a quick update.
The kit supplied wing struts are only located into the wings with a short styrene ‘stubs’.
Also the fuselage struts are ‘butt’ joints to the fuselage and have no locating stubs.
Therefore I chose to add reinforcing rods to the wings and struts to better locate, align and support the wings.
The wing struts will locate into the wings with 0.5mm diameter rods.
The fuselage struts will be located with 0.4 mm diameter rod.
I've also added anchor points at all of the fuselage and wing rigging points,

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/12/20 11:39 PM

Mike is all that putty in the cockpit there in advance of painting? It looks like quite a wad!!
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/13/20 09:06 PM

Hi Rob,
Spot on.
It's UHU white tack, which I use to cover the cockpit before airbrushing.
I roll a ball then flatten it so it'll sit into cockpit opening whilst gripping the edges.,

Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/16/20 08:49 PM

Hi all,
I've made a start on the painting phase.
The undersides of the wings would have the faint shadows from the leading edge fairings, wing ribs, rear spar and cross bracing wires.
The upper surfaces hardly at all as they were brush painted with coloured dopes.
I thought this time, I'd try representing these shadows with a slightly different technique.

I airbrushed the undersides with 'AK Interactive' white primer, which was required for when I apply the 'Aviattic' clear CDL decals.
Then I over sprayed a light coat of 'Tamiya' Smoke (X19).
I scanned the internal structure of both with and rescaled the scans to the correct side.
Then coloured the structure with contrasting colours and saved them as JPG files.
These were uploaded into my 'Cricut' Explore Air 2 crafters cutter and the parts not required were deleted.
I then cut the masks using 'Artool' Ultra Mask sheets.
These were placed onto the wings with the parts not required removed.
A light coat of the white primer was airbrushed and then the masks removed.
The bracing wires were drawn on the wings using a pencil.
Finally a light, blend coat of the white was airbrushed to blend everything.

The surfaces still need to be gloss coated before the CDL decals are applied,

Mike

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Posted By: CodyCoyote

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/16/20 11:02 PM

Very creative thinking to come up with that solution and the finished product looks spot on! Well done!
Posted By: CrimsonTide

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/17/20 03:02 AM

Holy Cow. Are you going to have a little fabric tearing off the wing too? Love your work. True art.
Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/17/20 08:03 PM

The wings look great Mike - this must do your eyes in, even working on the PC does that but these tiny objects and edges must make your eyes spin.
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/18/20 01:46 PM

Originally Posted by Polovski
The wings look great Mike - this must do your eyes in, even working on the PC does that but these tiny objects and edges must make your eyes spin.


Hi Mark,
Yeah it does sometimes, but not as much as the rigging does.
Besides I work under a daylight LED magnifying lens, which helps,

Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/18/20 01:49 PM

Hi all,
Just a quick update.
I've painted the camouflage scheme, using 'Tamiya' acrylics thinned with 'Mr. Colour' levelling thinners 400.
Most of the colours were mixed to create as near as possible the shades of colours.
Airbrushed between 'UHU' white tack 'worms' with additional masking to protect from over spray.

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/18/20 05:51 PM

Wow, shure looks bright before weathering, doesn't it?

Best Regards
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/19/20 09:21 AM

Hi Rob,
Yes it is but it'll tone down.
Similar to the SPAD XIII,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/19/20 09:31 PM

Hi all,
I've applied the decals to the wing struts and the rudder from the ‘SuperScale’ WW1 Nieuport 28C-1 (MS320243) set.
The pre-moulded lined wrappings around the struts were way to thick.
I sanded them away and replaced them with white 1.5 mm wide white stripes from the ‘Xtradecal’ parallel stripes white (XPS2) set.
Also applied are the wing decals, which are ‘Aviattic’ aged varnish CDL (ATT32094) linen effect decal undersides and Linen Weave Effect (ATT32236) on top surfaces.

Mike

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Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/20/20 11:13 AM

The wings look superb Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/22/20 06:28 PM


Hi all,
Apart from the propeller, all of the decals have now been applied.
Undersides using ‘Aviattic’ aged varnish CDL (ATT32094) over base colours.
Top surfaces 'Aviattic' Linen Weave Effect (ATT32236) over base colours.
Individual marking from the ‘SuperScale’ WW1 Nieuport 28C-1 (MS320243) set.
Final sealing coat of 'Alclad' Light Sheen (ALC-311) lacquer.

Now I'll need apply weathering before adding details, such as the retaining strap for the engine cowl and ring supports for the front of the machine gun cooling jackets.
Then it'll be pre-rigging and start the construction,

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/22/20 08:51 PM

Mike do you need to fill around the seams of that linen cloth decal to hide them or is that not an issue because of the thinness of the decal?
Posted By: CodyCoyote

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/22/20 11:22 PM

Are the stripes on the cowl decals or painted on?
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/23/20 12:13 AM

Hi Rob,
The linen effect decals are cut as accurately as possible to butt up to each other with no overlap.
The decals are transparent and any edge over lap will double the thickness of the decal and it will show as a darker seam.

CodyCoyote,
The cowl stripes are decals and part of the set.
However they are not easy to apply as they come as separate stripes and some are in two halves, so aligning them and getting equal spacing is not easy,

Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/23/20 12:15 AM

Hi all,
I've applied the 'Flory Models' Dark Dirt fine clay wash.
Most will be removed to leave the desired weathered look,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/23/20 02:46 PM

Hi all,
Most of the clay wash has been removed to leave subtle dirt weathering.
'AK Interactive' Kerosene wash (AK2039) and Engine Oil (AK2019) applied around filler cap and on underside of fuselage, rear of engine cowl..
'Tamiya' Weather Master Set A (Mud) and Set D (Engine Oil) sponged to the engine cowl, underside of lower wings and fuselage.

Now to create the engine cowl retainer band and forward support rings for both machine guns,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/24/20 02:06 PM

Hi all,
Just a few tweaks to the fuselage and weapons.
The engine cowl was secured to the fuselage with a metal strap around the rear edge of the cowl.
To represent this strap, I used a strip of ‘Bare-Metal’ Matte Aluminium self-adhesive foil.
This was then covered with 'Flory Models' Dark Dirt clay wash, to dirty it up, then sealed with 'Alclad' Light Sheen lacquer (AL-311).

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In-flight the main fuel tank was pressurised by a 'Baden' type venturi, which was connected to the tank by an air pipe.
This was represented by drilling into the venturi and fuselage and adding 0.3 mm 'PlusModels' lead wire.
The wire inside the venturi was painted Brass and the rest with 'Tamiya' Rubber Black (XF85).

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Both machine guns had elliptical blast deflectors, fitted below the muzzles and these are not represented on the replacement ’GasPatch’ weapons.
The two machine guns were fixed to a mounting under the breach block and also supported at the fuselage by clamping rings around the front of their cooling jackets.

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The blast deflectors were cut and shaped from 0.2 mm thick plastic card and CA glued to the weapons.
The rear gun mounts were made from 0.4 mm and 0.2 mm diameter Nickel-Silver tubes. The front mounts were also pinned to the fuselage with 0.3 mm tube.
The front clamping rings were cut from 0.2 mm thick plastic card and CA glued to the cooling jackets.

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Mike
Posted By: RAF_Louvert

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/24/20 03:52 PM

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Simply amazing, Mike. Your attention to detail is over the top.

.
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/27/20 08:57 PM

Hi all,
I've started on the pre-rigging, which for this model is all on the lower wings and fuselage.
This is mainly because of the tight proximately of the anchor points at the wing roots for the twin flying wires.
All done using, for a change, ‘Maxima’ Chameleon mono-filament 0.12 mm diameter.
The tubing is 0.5 mm diameter that was pre-blackened using 'Blacken-It' solution.
I still have the rudder, undercarriage and under fuselage rigging to do before the upper wing can be fitted,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/28/20 01:25 PM

Hi all,
Rudder pre-rigged with double wires on each side,

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/28/20 04:36 PM

Hi Mike;

I can't tell from the photos, but did you have to paint the mono-filament line?
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/28/20 05:17 PM

Hi Rob,
Normally I use 'Steelon' mono-filament.
However, for a change I used ‘Maxima’ Chameleon mono-filament 0.12 mm diameter.
What you see is the colour of the line,

Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/28/20 05:22 PM

Hi all,
Upper wing fitted.
Although the outer struts located fully, the fuselage cabane struts were slightly clear of the underside of the upper wing.
However, a bit of pressure and CA adhesive did the trick.
Also the rigging, which is the next stage, will hold the wings together,

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/28/20 06:21 PM

Mike did you have to clamp the wings until th CA adhesive dried?
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/29/20 10:43 AM

Hi Rob,
No, just held with light pressure.
Thin CA adhesive sets in around 20 seconds,

Mike
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/29/20 08:53 PM

Hi all,
The wing rigging is now complete, except for the flying wire inserts.
These I'll try to do later.
Also the undercarriage has been pre-rigged, but left loose so as not to distort the struts.
These bracing lines will be final fitted and tension once the undercarriage has been fitted.
These bracing wires were all attached, between the struts, to a rigging ring.
The two outer wires are attached to midway along the leading edge of the lower wings ,

Mike

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Posted By: CrimsonTide

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/29/20 10:10 PM

Really amazing work. A guy from the UK making a model of a French airplane flown by an American pilot. Yes, we all can get along.
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 11/30/20 11:16 PM

Hi all,
Just a few updates.
The undercarriage assembly is fitted and the bracing wires final rigged.
That includes the bracing wire from the forward undercarriage struts to the leading edge of the lower wings.
Also the cross bracing wires under the fuselage to the rear of the engine cowl.
The fin bracing wire has been add and the rudder control lines fitted.
Finally the pilot figure from ‘Wings Cockpit Figures’ leaning pilot 1915-16 (LSK 04B) has been assembled, ready for painting,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/01/20 08:07 PM

Hi all,
A couple more updates.
The three rectangular access panels, located forward on the fuselage, were fitted witted ring type fasteners.
These were made by coiling 0.2 mm lead wire ('PlusModels') around a 0.8 mm drill shank.
The removed coil of wire was then cut through and the separated rings flatted and secured in position with CA adhesive.

The windscreen is the photo-etch version from the ‘PART’ Nieuport 28c1 (S32-033) set.
It was annealed over a flame then bent to shape and airbrushed white.
The acetate windscreen transparency was cut out and secured to the windscreen using 'Microscale' Krystal Clear (PVA).
The windscreen was secured to the fuselage using the same adhesive.

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/01/20 09:56 PM

Annealing! Geez Mike, you sure go the distance for effect.
Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/02/20 06:28 PM

Superb Mike, the oil /weathering is great.
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/03/20 12:04 PM

Hi all,
The Nieuport 28, like some other French built aircraft, had wood strip infills between the four pairs of flying wires.
These infills were held in place between the wires by straps that wrapped around the wires and infills.
To represent these wood infills I cut thin strips of 0.2 mm plastic card.
These were covered with ‘Aviattic’ Wood Grain (ATT32235) decal, which was conformed around the plastic strips with 'Tamiya' X20A thinners.
I cut a five lengths of ‘Bare-Metal’ Matte Aluminium foil of 0.5 mm width
These were secured to the infill strip using thin CA adhesive (adhesive on foil backing didn't hold well).
The infill strip was laid onto and between the flying wires and the foil strips pushed around the infill to hold it in position.
Finally thin CA adhesive was 'flowed' along the flying wires to secure them against the infill strip.

Mike

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Posted By: Robert_Wiggins

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/03/20 12:53 PM

That is quite ingenious Mike and looks very effective! thumbsup
Posted By: RAF_Louvert

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/03/20 01:50 PM

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Scath brill!

,
Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/04/20 04:10 PM

Hi all,
The pilot figure is finished and will be leaning against the aircraft, hence the pose.
Brush painted using 'Tamiya' and 'AK Interactive' acrylics.
Metal fittings 'Mr. Colour' Stainless Steel (213) and Brass (219).
Dust and oil stain is 'Tamiya' Weathering Master Sets A and D.

This will be my last post for this model as I'm awaiting delivery of the display case and propeller.

Thanks to those who followed this build and for the encouraging comments.
I'll post the completed photographs soon,

Mike

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Posted By: Sandbagger

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/24/20 10:20 PM

Hi all,
Here's the completed 1:32nd scale Nieuport N.28C1, Serial No.6177, of the 95th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, operating from Saints aerodrome, France, during 1918 and as flown by 1st Lt. Quentin Roosevelt.
As usual I've uploaded a fully detailed build log on Gallery 3 on my site (link in signature).

Mike

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Posted By: Polovski

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/26/20 09:14 PM

Thanks for the pics Mike, it's a real cracker (that's my pun for Christmas :))
Posted By: carrick58

Re: Nieuport N.28C1 - 12/27/20 02:00 AM

Totally Outstanding. Great work.
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