was a video game developer based in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. Razorworks was founded in August 1996 and was owned by the video game publisher Empire Interactive.
The Razorworks studio was closed in July 2008 due to Empire Interactive's poor financial situation (Empire Interactive subsequently went into administration (bankruptcy) in May 2009). G2 Games
Game: Enemy Engaged 2
Developer: G2 Games
Publisher: Strategy First
Release dates Windows, 25 May 2007 Strategy_First
In 2004, Strategy First Inc
filed for bankruptcy protection. On April 21, 2005 it was acquired by Silverstar Holdings
. Terms of the acquisition included "cash consideration to the creditors of Strategy First of $609,000; we issued 377,000 shares of our common stock; warrants to purchase 200,000 shares of our common stock; and assumed approximately $400,000 in existing bank debt, as well as contingent consideration based on the future profitability of Strategy First." Silverstar Holdings Ltd. was a publicly traded company registered in Bermuda (traded on NASDAQ under symbol SSTR), with their web home page stating that they are "focusing on acquiring controlling positions in high-growth retail-driven and fee-based electronic game businesses that could benefit from the economies of scale generated by the Internet and other technology-related platforms." Silverstar completed a purchase of game developer Empire Interactive on December 4, 2006, and claimed in a same-day press release that with the addition of Empire Interactive titles to the Valve 'Steam' service, "we are delighted that in this short time the first collaborative effort between Empire and Strategy First has born fruit."
Subsequent to the SEC 10-Q filing, Silverstar reported that on May 1, 2009 their Empire Interactive
division filed for "administration" (bankruptcy) in the UK, and that "Empire has sold its intellectual property assets to New World IP
, LLC ", and all 49 staff were laid off. New World IP then leased the rights to publish Empire's entire catalogue to Zoo Games. Empire_Interactive
was a publisher of interactive entertainment software for 22 years. Headquartered in the UK, they also had offices in the U.S., Germany, France, Spain and Italy. The company developed and published a varied range of titles for all contemporary platforms in the U.S., Europe and Asia. Games such as Starsky & Hutch, Big Mutha Truckers, the Ford Racing series and FlatOut were some of their major successes. They also operated the "Xplosiv" and "eJay" imprints, focusing on budget titles and music creation tools respectively.
After struggling financially for several years, they were purchased by Silverstar Holdings
in 2006 and became a wholly owned subsidiary. On 4 May 2009 it was announced that the company had gone into administration (bankruptcy) and would be shutting down permanently. Their intellectual properties were sold to New World IP
of the United States and all 49 staff were laid off. New World IP then leased the rights to publish Empire's entire catalogue to Zoo Games. IndiePub
On May 7, 2009 it was announced by Zoo Publishing
that the company had acquired the rights from New World IP
to publish and distribute Empire Interactive's entire catalog which includes titles such as Big Mutha Truckers and Flatout Head On. The rights were acquired from New World IP who had recently purchased Empire's intellectual property as the company went into administration. In June 2009, Zoo Games created a wholly owned subsidiary, Zoo Entertainment Europe Ltd., in order to move into the European market however, operations were discontinued in December 2009. indiepub-entertainment indiePub Entertainment, Inc
. was a US company initially founded as Driftwood Ventures, Inc. on 12th February 2003. The company was renamed Zoo Entertainment, Inc. on 3rd December 2008 after the acquisition of Green Screen Interactive Software, Inc. (renamed Zoo Games, Inc.), Destination Software, Inc. (renamed Zoo Publishing, Inc.
) and also briefly Supervillain Studios, Inc. and ZOO Digital Publishing Ltd., along with the short-lived Zoo Entertainment Europe Ltd. The company mainly conducted its operations through the wholly-owned subsidiary Zoo Games, Inc., which in turn had Zoo Publishing, Inc. as a subsidiary.
Between 2009 and 2011 the company was best known for publishing games mainly for the Nintendo DS and Wii platforms, but also a few for Windows, PS2 and Xbox 360. In 2009 2Bee Games was launched, as a sponsor who also organized competitions for independent developers. In 2010 2Bee Games was renamed indiePub. The company eventually focused entirely on this operation and in September 2011 it was announced the company had been working for a year on an indies-only game and application (apps) distribution or publishing platform where developers using indiePub would receive 75% of all royalties. On 1st February 2011 indiePub Mobile was announced to branch out to mobile iOS and Android games. The name of the parent company Zoo was changed to indiePub Entertainment, Inc. on 15th May 2012. Although Zoo Games and Zoo Publishing continued to exist, but with no further output beyond 2011, most of the operations were most likely handled through the Delaware company indiePub, Inc. In 2013 all activity was halted and all indiePub and Zoo companies were closed
. The last indiePub-published game was Vessel in September 2013.
I also looked up "New World IP, LLC" Delaware file number 4681219, which was filed in 4/28/2009. The company filing no longer exists in the system, it is no longer registered as a company. I also checked the address, which is now occupied by Harvard Business Services. I called Harvard Business Services and they don't represent New World IP, nor could they find it in their Delaware company database. From what I can tell New World IP doesn't exist anymore. I think they were the last holder of the license after Zoo Publishing/IndiePub closed their doors. All license leases reverted back to New World IP after Zoo Publishing defaulted on their lease of the licenses. Since we don't have a list of the 69 properties they leased, it's not clear if Enemy Engaged was even in the collection. There are 75 games listed on wikipedia for Empire Interactive, a few more than the lease agreement, and it does include EECH and EEAH. Court Case against Zoo Publishing
New World IP LLC v. Zoo Publishing Inc. et al
United States District Court, Southern District of New York
Case No.1:11-cv-02532, Filed on April 13, 2011
In April of 2011, New World brought suit against Zoo for violation of a licensing agreement between the two companies. Law360 reported that under this licensing agreement, New World granted Zoo the rights to produce more than 60 games it owned in exchange for a royalty payment. New World alleged that Zoo had not provided it with any of the royalty accounting and thus the licensing agreement had been breached. Moreover, New World believed that Zoo owed a minimum royalty payment of around $1.9 million. When Zoo refused to pay the minimum royalty payment, New World ended the licensing agreement between them
. After this termination, New World determined that Zoo had not ceased the use of its trademarks. In its defense, Zoo alleged that 65 out of 69 games covered by the licensing could not be sold or produced since they were not complete. Zoo further claimed that it had already spent $500,000 on finishing the games so that it could sell them. Besides, Zoo alleged that it had already paid royalties to New World in the amount of $500,000.
In August of 2011, the case was dismissed since the parties reached a confidential settlement agreement outside of court. Empire Interactive games list