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#4483397 - 07/19/19 09:00 PM OT - Sopwith 'Swallow'  
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Hi all,
I thought this time around I'd have a crack at building a 1:32 scale model of the Sopwith 'Swallow' monoplane prototype of 1918.

In June 1918, the Sopwith Aviation Company designed an unarmed parasol monoplane, based on the Sopwith ‘Camel’. The aircraft was known the Sopwith Monoplane No.1, but was also known as the Sopwith ‘Scooter’ (to scoot was to move around fast). The aircraft was built for the personal use of the ‘Sopwith’ test pilot Harry Hawker and was based on the their current Sopwith ‘Camel’, but with a single wing mounted just above the fuselage, but with limited space between the fuselage and the underside of the wing. The wing was not supported by the then conventional struts and instead was braced by RAF streamlined bracing wires, all of which were attached to the lower fuselage and a pyramid shaped strut assembly above the wing. The ‘Scooter’ was powered by a single 130 hp (97 kW) ‘Clerget’ 9B rotary engine. The ‘Scooter’ was used as a runabout and aerobatic aircraft by Harry Hawker and was able to demonstrate excellent maneuverability. Eventually it was used as the basis for a fighter design, originally known as the Monoplane No.2, and later named the Sopwith ‘Swallow’.
Like the ‘Scooter’, the ‘Swallow’ used the fuselage of a ‘Camel’, but it had a larger, slightly swept wing of greater wingspan and area. Like the ‘Scooter’ the wing was mounted above the fuselage, but higher, to allow the pilot to access the two synchronized Vickers machine guns, which were fitted further apart than normal, again to give the pilot better forward visibility. For the same reason the ‘hump’ in the forward cockpit decking (hence the name ‘Camel’) was not used. The engine was also changed to that of a 110 hp (82 kW) ‘Le Rhône’ engine. Also the traditional oval shaped access panels on each side of the forward fuselage were omitted. Twelve strengthening ribs were fitted across the centre section on the upper surface of the wing. 
The ‘Swallow’ made its maiden flight in October 1918, and was delivered to RAF Martlesham Heath on 28 October 1918 for official testing. One considered role for the ‘Swallow’ was as a shipboard fighter. Engine problems delayed testing of the ‘Swallow’, but even when the engine problems were resolved, the ‘Swallow’ proved to have a lower overall performance than the then ‘Le Rhône’ engine powered ‘Sopwith’ ‘Camel’. Testing of the ‘Swallow’ continued after the cessation of hostilities but by May 1919 all interest in the ‘Swallow’ was dropped. The fate of the ‘Swallow’ is not known, but presumably it was scrapped.
However the original ‘Scooter’ remained in use, and was given the civil registration K-135 and later to G-EACZ. In 1921, Harry Hawker purchased and flew the ‘Scooter’. Harry Hawker died on the 12th July 1921 in a flying accident at Hendon, after which the ‘Scooter’ was put into storage. It was refurbished in 1925 and was used for aerobatic displays and for racing until 1927 when it was scrapped.

Some time back I purchased the only 1:32 scale conversion set available, which is a resin set intended for the Hobby Craft/Academy Sopwith Camel F.1 kit.
However, that model kit left a lot to be desired, as does the resin set.
Therefore I'm going to try converting the 'Wingnut Wings' 'Clerget' Camel kit.

It may be just the resin conversion set I received, but it has many problems. The wing halves are warped, the front cockpit decking (according to the instructions) is 7 mm too short in length, the upper support wing struts are not tb used, only as guides for making your own, and there's more flash and surface 'blow holes' the I care to mention.

Anyway it'll be another challenge I guess.

Here's a few shots to start off with,

Mike

[Linked Image] 

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Last edited by Sandbagger; 08/02/19 09:19 AM.

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#4483465 - 07/20/19 10:47 AM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Crikey.......what a mess! good luck..........

#4483490 - 07/20/19 03:33 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hmmmmm - thanks yep


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#4483581 - 07/21/19 10:30 AM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Do most model parts arrive with such pitting and extrusion from the molds....or is this just a really sub-par kit. Looks like a lot a work just to clean it up let alone build the whole shebang. Be great to watch your progress again.....

#4483603 - 07/21/19 02:02 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Mike I have a contact here that can provide you with a gallon of good quality filler!
The problem of course is how to get it to you "at a reasonable shipping cost"!!!
biggrin

This build should be fun to watch and undoubtedly accompanied with some colourful comments!

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#4483615 - 07/21/19 03:20 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi Gaw1,
Unfortunately when you have resin parts it all depends who created them. Bigger companies, such as HPH, Aviattic, Planet, Omega, and after market companies produced kits and part of good enough quality.
This particular conversion set is from I think a small enterprise and as such is a 'limited run' as they say. When you order from these vendors you have to expect lower quality.
Things like surface air bubble 'blow holes' and other marks, including chips etc are common from limited runs, but you can experience warping of parts even from the bigger companies.
It all depends on the quality of the moulding and the way the parts are packed (to reduce warping over time).
Resin, unlike styrene (plastic), can warp on a completed model if the ambient temperatures are high enough.
It's a fact of life when working with resin I'm afraid.

Hi Rob,
Heh he - I'd take you up on that offer but it would probably get trashed in transit!!!!

Mike


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#4483863 - 07/23/19 07:09 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
Well I've made a start on the resin wing assembly.
Needless to say it required filling and sanding.
I also strengthened the wing to wing joint, which is a basic 'butt' joint, with no strength.
I drilled two 1.0 mm diameter holes into the wing root of both wing halves and inserted 1 mm brass rod, held with CA.
The wings halves were then joined using two part epoxy adhesive.
I cut the aileron from the wing and profiled the leading edges.
The wing was drilled in three position for each aileron and 0.8 mm brass rods inserted with CA adhesive.
Corresponding holes were then drilled into the aileron leading edges.
Aileron control horns were made from spare photo etch and secured in slot cut into the aileron leading edges.
Each horn has a 0.3 mm diameter hole at each end for rigging.
Upper surface strengthening ribs, removed during sanding, were replaced with strips of 0.2 mm thick plastic card.
I filled the pre-moulded rigging points as they do not align vertically through the wing. These will be drilled later.

I still need to re-profile the forward edge of the wing cut-out above the cockpit, which needs to be straighter.

Mike

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

Last edited by Sandbagger; 07/23/19 07:33 PM.

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#4483872 - 07/23/19 08:58 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
Twin pitot tubes added and the centre section cut-out forward edge corrected,

Mike

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]


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#4483929 - 07/24/19 11:16 AM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
I've been looking into how the aileron control cables were connected between the cockpit control and wing.
It appears that there were two slots through the wing centre section, above the cockpit.
At first I thought these slots were for the aileron control cables, similar to the French Nieuport fighter controls (although they were rod, not cable).
However, it seems these slots were not for aileron cables and that in fact cables were routed vertically from the cockpit and into the underside of the wing, just outboard from the wing slots.
The resin conversion set has detail of an inspection window in the upper surface of the wing, but does state that there is no photographic evidence for this.
I think it's assumed to be there as for the other Sopwith types (Camel, Snipe etc),

Mike

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]


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#4483942 - 07/24/19 01:09 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
Pitot tubes, re-profiled centre section cut-out and wing slots added,

Mike


[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]


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#4483965 - 07/24/19 03:57 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Mike it seems to be coming along nicely.


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#4483982 - 07/24/19 06:37 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Mike, I believe you have disproved that you cannot make a silk purse out of a sow's ear! Looking good mate.


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#4483989 - 07/24/19 06:56 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Thanks guys, but we'll see yep


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#4484004 - 07/24/19 09:13 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,

The rear cockpit decking panel was tricky to do, but then I didn't expect it would be easy.
Once all of the flash and the mounting block was cut away, I sanded the bottom edges and rear face.
The 'Wingnut Wings' kit fuselage was temporarily joined with elastic bands and the shoulder at the rear sanded away as it stopped the resin decking panel from dropping down.
I soon found out that, no surprise, the resin decking panel was not wide enough to sit correctly on the fuselage.

[Linked Image] 

So I cut the panel down the centre and rejoined them, but with a 1.0 mm thick plastic card insert.
Carefully sanded to the decking profile.

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]  

The front decking panel  - that's another story!!

Mike    


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#4484048 - 07/25/19 12:55 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
It seems the wing had an inspection window for the aileron control cable and pulley, similar to other Sopwith types, such as the Pup, Camel and Snipe.

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

I've cut out the recess at two levels - one for the window and a lower level for the aileron pulley.

[Linked Image]

The aileron pulley was made from the 'HGW Models' photo-etch set for the Sopwith Triplane.
The inspection window is a spare from a previous 'Wingnut Wings' Sopwith Pup build.

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

Mike

Last edited by Sandbagger; 07/25/19 01:02 PM.

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#4484060 - 07/25/19 02:06 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Insane level of attention to detail! salute

#4484069 - 07/25/19 03:24 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Mike;

What tool/Tools did you use to cut the recessed panel into the wing for the inspection window? Guaging the depth and maintaining across the recessed surface must have been very tedious and time consuming!


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#4484077 - 07/25/19 04:32 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi Rob,
I used modelling chisels from 'UMM' - they are extremely sharp and well able to cut resin and plastic.
I just press them in to create the outline needed then chisel out from different directions.
They're good for scrapping the surface as well,

Mike


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#4484082 - 07/25/19 04:41 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Hi all,
Whilst 'working' on the resin front decking panel I spotted an error on both decking panels.
The rear decking panel has a pre-moulded fuel tank filler cap, which although in the correct position, is proud of the decking surface.
The actual aircraft had, like the Camel', an opening to gain access to the filler cap lower down inside the fuselage.
The front decking panel had a filler cap forward and between the gun troughs.
However on the resin panel this was just a stump of resin - not sure if it was a mis-mould?
Anyway I cut the filler cap from the rear decking panel and drilled out the location (the filler cap on the 'Wingnut Wings' tank will need to be moved to the other side to match).
I then drilled out the front decking panel location, filled the hole with modelling putty (from underneath) then inserted the filler cap from the rear panel.
So two faults corrected with one filler cap!!

Mike

[Linked Image]

[Linked Image]

Last edited by Sandbagger; 07/25/19 04:42 PM.

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#4484093 - 07/25/19 05:15 PM Re: Sopwith 'Swallow' [Re: Sandbagger]  
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Yep, I see a silk purse coming. Outstanding work, and as Rick says, the attention to detail is mind boggling!


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