News of the World - May Edition for Intrepid Fliers:
May 1 The Battle of Gorlice-Tarnow began when German troops broke through Russian lines in Galicia. The American tanker Gulflight was torpedoed without warning off the Scilly Islands by the German submarine U-30. May 2 The Turks attacked French and British forces in the First Battle of Krithia in the Dardanelles. May 3 The Triple Alliance was denounced by Italy. May 4 The Battle of Julien ended when British forces were withdrawn from forward positions to take up new defensive lines to the east of Ypres. May 5 Hill 60 was captured by the Germans during the Second Battle of Ypres. May 6 The Second Battle of Krithia began, continuing the Allied attempts to advance on the Helles battlefield during the Gallipoli Campaign. May 7 The British ocean liner RMS Lusitania was torpedoed and sunk off the south-west coast of Ireland by the German submarine U20. 1198 citizens were killed including more than 100 US citizens - creating a diplomatic crisis between Germany and the USA. Japan presented an ultimatum to China demanding territorial concessions. May 8 The second British-French assault on Turkish defenses near Krithia failed and brought the Second Battle of Krithia to an end. May 9 The short-lived Battle of Aubers Ridge began a British offensive against German forces on the Western Front. The battle was a disaster for the British army as, despite suffering heavy losses, no ground was won and no tactical advantage gained. The city of Libau was occupied by the Germans. May 10 The German Zeppelin LZ-38 bombed Southend in Essex. May 11 German forces evacuated Shavli in the Baltic Provinces. May 12 A Turkish destroyer torpedoed and sank the British battleship HMS Goliath in Morto Bay off Cape Helles at the south-westernmost tip of the Galilpoli peninsula. May 13 South African forces captured and occupied Windhoek, the capital of German South West Africa. May 14 The British War Council met for the final time. Prime Minister and dictator of Portugal, General Joaquim Pimenta de Castro was overthrown by a politico-military uprising which also led to the resignation of President Manuel de Arriaga. May 15 Jose de Castro took over as Prime Minister of Portugal after the deposition of General Joaquim Pimenta de Castro. The British army attack in the Artois region of France in the beginning of the Battle of Festubert. May 17 The German Zeppelin LZ-38 carried out further attacks on Dover and Ramsgate. May 19 Russian forces captured Van in Armenia during the Battle of Van. May 21 The Russian Expeditionary Force landed at Enzeli en route to Persia. May 22 British troops advanced towards La Quinque Rue In the Battle of Festubert. May 23 The Italian government ordered mobilization and declared war on Austria. The British submarine E11 sank a gunboat and other small craft in the Sea of Marmora. May 24 The Battle of Bellewaarde Ridge began with German artillery bombardment on British troops during the Second Battle of Ypres. May 25 The "Shell Crisis" precipitated by a shortage of artillery shells on the front lines, resulted in the formation of a coalition government between Prime Minister Herbert Asquith and Tory leader Andrew Bonar Law. May 26 A British naval battle squadron gathered at Malta before joining the Italian fleet in the Adriatic. The German Zeppelin LZ-38 bombed Southend again. May 27 First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill was demoted to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster as he was held responsible for the unsuccessful Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaigns. May 28 Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson was appointed First Sea Lord of the Admiralty following Admiral Lord Fisher's surprise resignation. May 31 The first Zeppelin raid on London took place. British and Indian troops broke through the Turkish lines at Qurna north of Basra.
(From The Great War - Unseen Archives by Robert Hamilton)
"Take the cylinder out of my kidneys, The connecting rod out of my brain, my brain, From out of my arse take the camshaft, And assemble the engine again."