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#3984976 - 07/23/14 05:43 PM What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17?  
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AJAM Offline
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Hi everyone,

First-time poster here, please be gentle. I'm a journalist trying to learn what a Boeing 777 would have looked like through the instrumentation of a single SA-11 Buk TELAR. What information would the radar screen have provided? Just altitude and heading? Would the Buk's system given the operator any other sense that it was a civilian jet liner?

Also: IHS Janes says the TELAR has an "auto-detect" mode that allows the system to basically target a plane automatically could that explain how an inexperienced operator might have mistakenly fired on MH17?

Basically, I'm just trying to understand what the world looks like when you're buttoned up inside the launcher.

Thanks much!

Inline advert (2nd and 3rd post)

#3985039 - 07/23/14 07:37 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Hpasp Offline
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Hi,

SAM Simulator is a "Realistic to the switch" simulation of obsolete Warsaw Pact SAM systems, fielded during the '60~80s (SA-2/3/4/5/8).
BUK (SA-11) is a much newer beast, no WarPact nation received it as the Cold War ended.

As internet sources suggests, a lone SOU (launcher and illuminator) could acquire and illuminate a slow moving target, and (unfortunately) independently kill it.
SOC (target acquisition radar) is the one that would do IFF check, if the system would be used properly.

BUK Order of Battle (based on internet sources)

HQ battery
- 9S470M1 KP (Battery command post)
- 9S18M1 SOC (Target acquisition radar), with IFF capability

3x firing battery
- 2x 9A310M1 SOU (self propelled launcher and target illuminator), with 4x 9M38M1 semi active guided missiles
- 1x 9A39M1 PZU (self propelled launcher) with 8x 9M38M1 semi active guided missiles

Order of actions:

1, The SOC acquires, and identifies targets.
2, The KP assigns targets to the SOUs.
3, SOU illuminates the target for the semi-active missiles to home on.
4, SOU or PZU launches the missile.



A kid can drive a formula one car on his PC easily. In real life, he could not start it at all.

SAMSIM is simplified SAM operation to be playable by one "hardcore" gamer.

In real life, 5~8 well trained people is needed to work parallel, to be able to launch and guide a missile.
(not mentioning mandatory system checks before switch on, adjustments, etc...)

Im not telling it is impossible to launch, as these SAM systems were designed to be operated by Soviet conscript soldiers...
... but I do not believe that without specific BUK system training, anybody could do it.

What is known is that the IFF check is done by the SOC, before target assignment. (it has a specific antenna for it)


The SOU has a small black-and-white TV screen, where the crew can see its target.
It is called "Karat".



SOC operating manuals are still available on Russian websites...
http://rtv-pvo-gsvg.narod.ru/books.htm
... but I would like to warn to the fact, that beside these manuals available, no UN-TRAINED person would be able to operate the BUK system.

You need ~5 trained people, to work together, to be able to acquire - illuminate a target, launch a missile, keep the target illuminated till missile impact.

Br,
Hpasp

Last edited by Hpasp; 07/23/14 08:51 PM.

Hpasp
Free SAM Simulator, "Realistic to the Switch"

http://sites.google.com/site/samsimulator1972/home

While Fighter Pilots made movies, SAM Officers made History.
(U-2 over Sverdlovsk, B-52's over Hanoi, F-4 Phantoms over the Sinai, F-16's and the F-117A Stealth bomber over the Balkans.)
thumbsup
#3987193 - 07/28/14 03:16 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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piston79 Offline
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There it is, the "mystery" warhead of 9M38...

















Last edited by piston79; 08/07/14 04:01 AM.
#3987719 - 07/29/14 01:05 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Hpasp Offline
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Posts: 2,662
Hungary, Europe


Hpasp
Free SAM Simulator, "Realistic to the Switch"

http://sites.google.com/site/samsimulator1972/home

While Fighter Pilots made movies, SAM Officers made History.
(U-2 over Sverdlovsk, B-52's over Hanoi, F-4 Phantoms over the Sinai, F-16's and the F-117A Stealth bomber over the Balkans.)
thumbsup
#3988604 - 07/30/14 11:47 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Hpasp Offline
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Posts: 2,662
Hungary, Europe
Good one on BUK...


Hpasp
Free SAM Simulator, "Realistic to the Switch"

http://sites.google.com/site/samsimulator1972/home

While Fighter Pilots made movies, SAM Officers made History.
(U-2 over Sverdlovsk, B-52's over Hanoi, F-4 Phantoms over the Sinai, F-16's and the F-117A Stealth bomber over the Balkans.)
thumbsup
#3989059 - 07/31/14 08:34 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Lieste Offline
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Only the Buk M2 has the electronically steered antenna and IFF antenna above it. The original Buk and Buk M1 have the original mechanically steered antenna seen at the start of the video with the folding antenna wing.

It isn't clear which version of Buk was employed (or at least I haven't seen any information about the sub-model used yet).

#3989203 - 08/01/14 05:43 AM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: Lieste]  
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piston79 Offline
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Originally Posted By: Lieste

It isn't clear which version of Buk was employed (or at least I haven't seen any information about the sub-model used yet).


Ukraina have the M1 variant only....

#3989322 - 08/01/14 02:31 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Lieste Offline
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Soo.... they don't have the electronically scanned radar?

#3989371 - 08/01/14 03:59 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: Lieste]  
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Originally Posted By: Lieste
Soo.... they don't have the electronically scanned radar?


It seems so...

#3989479 - 08/01/14 08:29 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: Lieste]  
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Originally Posted By: Lieste
Soo.... they don't have the electronically scanned radar?


Not too many Buk-M2's exist. In Russia, only one Air Defence Brigade is equipped. Plus some has been exported, to Syria and supposedly Venezuela and Azerbaijan. The Russians are waiting for a new Buk-M3.

#3989486 - 08/01/14 08:51 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Lieste Offline
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I make the question explicitly because the image of the Buk Search radar posted was of the newer style. What is the arrangement of radar direction finder, height finder and IFF (if present) on the older system?

#3989719 - 08/02/14 03:00 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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In Hpasp's post there is an M1 (older) target acquistion radar (supposedly called SOC in russian as in previous systems). The phased array of the newer system (M2) is used as a target tracking radar (SSC) in TELAR.

#3989860 - 08/02/14 09:43 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Lieste Offline
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The video was showing a different SOC. Not the 9S18M1.

It had a fold out panel on the left of the antenna to increase it's area, and a vertical canvas covered attenna on the right in front of the main antenna.

#3989959 - 08/03/14 09:58 AM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: Lieste]  
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Originally Posted By: Lieste
The video was showing a different SOC. Not the 9S18M1.

It had a fold out panel on the left of the antenna to increase it's area, and a vertical canvas covered attenna on the right in front of the main antenna.



You mean this one?


It's an original 9S18. Actually, pretty sophisticated for its day, 3D, pulse-to-pulse freq. hopping. Used with original Buk of year 1980. The Buk-M1 of year 1983 uses 9S18M1 with slotted array:

#3990300 - 08/03/14 10:44 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Okay... but the video clearly had the 9S18 still associated with Buk M1, with 9S18M1 being part of the Buk M2 upgrade...?

#3990440 - 08/04/14 06:08 AM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: Lieste]  
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Originally Posted By: Lieste
Okay... but the video clearly had the 9S18 still associated with Buk M1, with 9S18M1 being part of the Buk M2 upgrade...?


No. 9S18 is a part of Buk, 9S18M1 is a part of Buk-M1, and 9S18M1-3 is a part of Buk-M2. The latter is visually similar to 9S18M1.

#3994471 - 08/12/14 06:08 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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Hpasp Offline
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Hpasp
Free SAM Simulator, "Realistic to the Switch"

http://sites.google.com/site/samsimulator1972/home

While Fighter Pilots made movies, SAM Officers made History.
(U-2 over Sverdlovsk, B-52's over Hanoi, F-4 Phantoms over the Sinai, F-16's and the F-117A Stealth bomber over the Balkans.)
thumbsup
#3994517 - 08/12/14 07:39 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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thumbsup

#4007362 - 09/09/14 05:53 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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#4393842 - 12/08/17 06:17 PM Re: What would an SA-11 operator have known about MH17? [Re: AJAM]  
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For those that can read Russian; Bellingcats report on what we know 3 years later https://t.co/li79n249MB

--

"Russian Colonel General Identified as Key MH17 Figure"

Quote
A joint investigation between The Insider and Bellingcat used open source research, investigative journalism, and forensic voice analyan sis to determine the identity of “Delfin,” a key figure sought by the Joint Investigation Team (JIT), the Dutch-led criminal investigation into the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 (MH17). The investigation has identified, to a high degree of certainty, Delfin as Colonel General Nikolai Fedorovich Tkachev, currently serving as the Chief Inspector of the Central Military District of the Russian Federation.


Very detailed report! I don't have time to read it before work..

https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2017/12/08/russian-colonel-general-delfin/

--

Photo of "Delfin" alleged Colonel General Nikolai Fedorovich Tkachev.

https://twitter.com/mil_in_ua/status/939046153009664000

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