For complete 2K11 I moved as a technician. Service vehicle for 1S32 (+ computer on 2P24) was a ZIL-131 cabinet. Marking KRAS-N (phonetically "kantrolnaja remontnaja avtomobilnaja Stanciu-guided). The body was habitable and in particular to exercise the tactics I envied by all. They were stored in the spare parts and tools. The tables were firmly embedded Stend that allowed diagnosis and correction of some blocks. In front of the simulator targets. It allowed the connection to the station (cable) run operating target directly to the receiver and at 7-orbits. Tracks target track meet practice goals pouštěného the shootings. The goal was unmanned aircraft (Lavočka) and one of the seven tracks have been identified prior to launch. Operator stations have learned to capture target practice almost by heart. Further, the documentation KARST hauled in 8 suitcases. All documents are in Russian and in suitcases division had accurate and logical order. The security classification of the PT CANCEL (top secret special regime of confidentiality), so lose even one scheme threatened the prosecutor. The main engineering work and exercise outside shooting, repair defects were found during exercise attendants. The exercises without HV (high voltage to the transmitter) was designed training hall. Transfer of space technology in the training hall regime was implemented in the summer time, ie 11:00 p.m. to 3:00 in winter 10:00 p.m. to 4:00. Describe the situation before 1989. The hall is practiced through the day. Served as a source of tension stationary rotary drive power of 100 kW. 3x380V made ​​from 50Hz - 400Hz 3x220V with isolated central point. They connect to it three stations if nezapínaly VN. The hall, of course, the transmitter could not run, but in turn equivalent to VN could. Equivalent to the radiator with ferrite anechoic ending where el.mag. energy transformed into heat. In a combat situation is equivalent to switching from one transmitter protection focus. Typical defects are addressed relatively quickly, experience and convey only three krasáci, but also those who were previously on the function and the commanders of stations. And now something to the station. The front door was behind. Behind the door on the right gyro was protected by a grill. Behind him to the wall of the cylinder with compressed air, the operator opened after coming into the station. On the left side of the fuse box. In the main they were just the fuse. Today they remember only the fuse drives (3x80 3x150A azimuth and epsilon) You have changed often enough. For the control cabinets and counter gyro before him on the floor uvodorovňovač. He had just locking lever on the move. After the capture position, the driver tried to use a spirit level, compare the best gear. Uvodorovňovač took care of the exact variations of X and Y axes for the computer. In this space the antenna was connected to the box, so you should head over to the tunnel bracket and antenna connectors for circuit wiring harnesses for all the antennas. Station antenna could rotate in the range of 340 degrees. In addition, the tapered section and reduced the space for the crew. There sat operator, senior operator and commander. The operator was faced with an indicator of distance, angle indicator older operator and the commander of control and communication elements. Behind operators have an analog computer and the master of R-123 radio control and PAZ (protiatomnaja zaščita). Consisted of dividing walls dividing powerful blower and filter task was to create pressure in the station vháněním filtered air. Before the commander also found the main switch station. There was nothing noticeable, and after switching was possible to "revive" the station. To switch was very accurately determined, of course, writing. From what I remember him try to describe. So, the commander of the main switch turns on, check all the proper lights lit. Who what now turns on, I'm not sure. Usually I was the only station commander, mainly due to space constraints. Next steps We have divided among themselves. Turn azimuth drive means. spin rotation drive (amplydyn). He had the largest collection and continued until after its complete spin. It was checked very simply - by ear. If not run the turbine as a source of tension, so it was the largest station noise. In addition, Epsilon drives are released in close succession drives the remaining antennas. Blocking the box was a dual antenna. Unblocked the mechanical (pneumatic) and electric lock. The antenna is automatically unfolded. Further progress depended on whether I came to repair or inspection. During the inspection is usually done static task. For its correct implementation was needed to turn right 7 switches. Static task was actually an indirect test of correct matching of electrical and optical axis antennas. Exact matching was done using a special vehicle (ZIL-131 back to top), indicating JUV (justyročnaja height). Made prior to service in the system and NAD before the shootings. Even after repair any mechanical antenna. JUV the mast with multiple radiators and lights. Distance and JUV station was about 100m and were connected by cable. JUV After putting into operation, it was necessary to tune to the appropriate station. Carried out using tables, the exact frequency I were not allowed to know. After tuning in to give JUV controlled from the station with the box connected to the external connectors station. (Next to the entrance door on the left). Set in the capture medium consisted JUV light television camera and transmitter to capture the machine. After canceling machine turned the antenna on the left and capture the light machine had to take place (in high light) with one overshoot. This was repeated on the right light JUV. Adjusted the potentiometers on the block for that purpose. Adjustment was even more complicated, but without documentation I will not have it together. The result was a reconciliation of the electrical and optical axis antennas.
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Some may disagree, but I start writing about antennas.
The largest is the antenna for tracking. Dimensions do not know, but can not be overlooked. It consists of a parabola, polarizing filter and funnel. El. mag. energy is radiated funnel. Its characteristic is quite typical, including undesirable side lobes. It passes through the filter half and spread into space. After reflection from the obstacle (not necessarily just in the air) is part of the reflected energy returns back to the antenna. Pol. filter rotates the polarity and the energy gets to the receiver. After processing, the item appears on the screen. Processing including two crosses potenciáloskopy, you have the task of filtering out terrestrial objects. Set to work manually, and the principle is simple. The reflected pulse creates a spiral potenciáloskopu charged point. If you create additional momentum point in the same place (with opposite polarity), it clears up. This means that the object does not move and will not be displayed. After targeting the largest terrestrial targets potenciáloskop set to disappear "milk" from the center of the screen. Helicopters are a little teaser, but it ensures the defense in front of them other means of ROC. The station is a means for management objectives and guiding missiles, does not seek its own objectives (it is indeed quite difficult). If the goal was given as a helicopter, which is rubbed in the area, it would be invisible to her. Its destruction had to be ensured otherwise. El.mag. energy supplied by a magnetron (you have it in the microwave) and spread to the antenna waveguide. Waveguide cross-section was rectangular and its dimensions can be calculated from knowledge of frequency, using vector mathematics. This is not about us, we did not know the frequency of the magnetron. The way the ferrite switch, the switch to the equivalent. Ended in a funnel that energy giant flare unleashed. Just before him was the worm. Part of the waveguide was like a snail shell and was used to sweep the epsilon. Coordinates of the destination station received radiolinkou and she made ​​a dish to capture. To fine-tune the operator could turn sweep. The movable portion of the waveguide Rozmital ray rocking motion in the snail, and it reflected out through the funnel. Rozmital in the range of 7 degrees on the screen flickered and the time trial in that range. Time trial flickered in beta, although Rozmital in Epsilon. Technically it could not be otherwise, epsilon is displayed on the screen. It took some practice, so you knew what to do. Epsilon is a knob on the center target getting dim. area and yet had to sweep off. If the target remained on the time trial was won.
Additional antennas were designed for a missile. It was the smallest for a wide beam. In it, he catches fire rockets at the point vstřelování. It was greater for a narrow beam. It takes a rocket after its stabilization. Last antenna (the one with embossed cover) for the RPK (radio peredača commandos) and broadcast control commands for the missile.
The station had two more antennas for radiolinku the back of the antenna vysouvala like a broom and R-123 radios have whip antenna. So far the antennas.
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Analog computer. (AP) Computer stations and had Mark (2P24, rifle). Both were analog. The Mark was much easier. Collaborated with the AP and station had a single task, direct mount to the point vstřelování. How does the AP will try to describe only briefly, if someone did not know. AP solve the differential equation. Dif. equation describes the curve. Guided missiles at a target is along the curve and the missile receives instructions for correcting track by calculating the AP. The basic elements of AP are operational amplifiers (CU-celeusilitěl). Of these, formed by adding resistance or capacity of operational units. For example, inverter, accumulator, and especially a member of the derivative and integral member. By combining these units can solve the derivative of n-th order. Changes occur at the input to the system of delivering on its stability provides feedback. The inputs are fed constant or variable values. AP operates on DC power. Calculation result is 0 What we use in practice, the voltage changes that occur by changing the inputs. AP in every moment counts rocket trajectory, so as to intersect with the target trajectory. Data inputs to the AP comes from several places. Position the antenna picks functional potentiometers. They are dráťáky and the passage is to be 100otáček. At the end of the rider does not stop, but continues to back. Other inputs are from the gyro. Mark station and provide a constant input from the rocket varies according to position missiles. Data on the location of the target receiver. There are two methods of prompting, about to be used to rule commander. Depended on the speed, height and position of the target. Position of the minds "on arrival" or "departure." One method was 3T (3točky) ie. 3pts. Station, rocket, aim. The second method was nadběhu half. Is calculated from the end point, distant about half of the distance from the target missile. To illustrate, if the missile from the target 300m, is directed to a point 150 meters before the finish. Select postřelování methods have been identified, what inputs and feedback will be used in calculating the AP.